Cyber Security – Everything You Need to Know in 2021

Today’s organization collects processes and stores a significant amount of data on a computer system. The organization also shares data with others via computer and Internet networks, due to business reasons. A vital portion of this data can be high-value information. And unauthorized access to this data can result in negative consequences!!

What is Cyber Security?

It is a set of practices designed to protect networks, programs, computers, and data from hacking and malicious attacks. Information security is a broader category by contrast with cybersecurity. Its primary focus is to protect all information assets in digital and paper forms.

3 Types of Cyber Threats:

  • Cybercrime is when an individual or a group of individuals targets computer users for financial gains.
  • Cyber-attack is when an individual or a group of individuals targets computer users for politically motivated information gathering.
  • Cyberterrorism is when an individual or a group of individuals targets computer users to cause panic or fear.

Commonly used methods to threaten Cyber Security in 2021:

1. Malware:

It is a malicious program used by hackers to damage the target’s computer system. Ransomware, virus, Trojan, adware, and Botnets are different types of malware.

2. SQL injection:

This cyber-attack uses to steal data from a database of data-driven applications. It allows cybercriminals to access sensitive information.

3. Phishing:

It happens: when a victim receives an email that seems to be an official request asking for high-value information. Man-in-the-middle and Denial-of-service attacks are common types of phishing.

How does Cyber Security protect end-users and computer systems?

It would be a good practice for end-users to share data files in encrypted forms; across the network. It not only protects critical information during transmission but also defends against loss or theft. It would be a good practice to scan and remove malicious code from the hard drive; to keep your computer systems secure.

Three elements of a successful Cyber Security approach:

1. People:

End-users must understand the basics of data security as maintaining the data backup and choosing a complex password.

2. Processes:

Organizations must have a framework for identifying and responding the successful cyber-attacks.

3. Technology:

Commonly used technologies to protect your computers, networks, and cloud are anti-virus software, next-generation firewalls, email security solution, DNS filtering, and malware protection.

Four Reasons – why Cyber Security is essential for a business today?

  • There is an increased cost of cybersecurity breaches.
  • It has become a broad-level issue now.
  • The cyber-attack rate is increasing.
  • Cybercrime is a big business now!!

The term Cyber Security applies to all categories of an information system:

It includes:-

  • Network security
  • Application security
  • End-point security
  • Data security
  • Cloud security
  • Mobile security
  • Database and infrastructure security
  • Disaster recovery and business continuity planning
  • Identity management

Your Cyber Security checklist must have the following measures:

  • Awareness training for your employees
  • Network security
  • Password management
  • Application security
  • Leadership commitment

Wrapping Up:

Using unsecured Wi-Fi networks in public areas may also cause man-in-the-middle attacks. You can benefit from the latest security patches if you update your operating system and application programs regularly. Avoiding email attachments and links from unknown senders is also a good cybersecurity tip.

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